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The three leading causes of infant mortality?


Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

Sudden infant death syndrome.

Almost 21,000 infants died in the United States in 2018. The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were:

  1. Birth defects.

  2. Preterm birth and low birth weight.

  3. Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

  4. Sudden infant death syndrome.

  5. Maternal pregnancy complications.

Michigan 2019 Infant Mortality Rate 7.89. Deaths: 1,007


Women who have low levels of vitamin D may be at higher risk for problems during pregnancy,

including preterm birth.

15,000 children die every day – Child mortality is an everyday tragedy of enormous scale that rarely makes the headlines.

15% of all child deaths in 2017 – Pneumonia and other lower respiratory diseases

12% of deaths – Preterm births and neonatal disorders

10% of deaths – Diarrheal diseases

9% of deaths – Congenital defects

45% of deaths – Infectious diseases

2019 Live Births

  • Number of births: 3,747,540

  • Percent of births with low birthweight (less than 5.5 pounds): 8.31%

  • Percent of births that are preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation): 10.23%


Historic drop in infant mortality rate in City of Detroit – 2019 had the lowest rate in more than 20 years.

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